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A Lesson On Schizophrenia: Facts, Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

Significant Facts About Schizophrenia

What Is Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a serious and chronic mental illness that affects around 20 million individuals worldwide.

Schizophrenia is characterized by cognitive, perceptual, emotional, language, self-perception, and behavioral abnormalities. Hallucinations (hearing voices or seeing things that are not there) and delusions are frequent occurrences (fixed, false beliefs). Schizophrenia is associated with significant disability worldwide and can impair educational and occupational performance.

Schizophrenia patients are 2-3 times more likely than the general population to die prematurely. This is frequently the result of preventable physical illnesses such as cardiovascular disease, metabolic disease, and infection. People with schizophrenia frequently face stigma, discrimination, and violations of their human rights. Schizophrenia is a disease that can be treated. Treatment is successful when combined with psychosocial support. Facilitating assisted living, supported housing, and supported work are all useful techniques for managing schizophrenia in individuals.

hallucination

Symptoms

Here are schizophrenia symptoms that you need to know:

  • Hallucination: the experience of hearing, seeing, or sensing things that are not present;
  • Delusion: ingrained incorrect beliefs or suspicions that are not shared by others in the individual’s society and that are tenaciously retained despite opposing facts;
delusion
  • Aberrant behavior: disorganized behavior such as aimless roaming, mumbling or laughing to oneself, weird look, self-neglect, or appearing untidy;
  • Disorganized speech: nonsensical or irrelevant discourse; and/or emotional disturbances: pronounced apathy or gap between reported feeling and observed emotion, such as facial expression or body language.

Schizophrenia affects approximately 20 million people globally but is less prevalent than many other mental illnesses. Schizophrenia also frequently begins earlier in guys.

What Causes Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia causes

There is not a single factor that has been established through research. It is believed that schizophrenia is caused by an interaction between genes and a variety of environmental variables.

Psychosocial variables may potentially play a role in the development of schizophrenia. Over 69% of patients with schizophrenia do not receive adequate care. 90% of untreated schizophrenia patients live in low- and middle-income nations. Access to mental health care is a critical issue. Additionally, patients with schizophrenia seek care at a lower rate than the general population.

old man mental health

Apart from that, schizophrenia is a disease that can be treated. Treatment is successful when combined with psychosocial support. However, the majority of patients who suffer with persistent schizophrenia do not have access to treatment.

There is overwhelming evidence that traditional mental hospitals are ineffective at providing the therapy that people with mental disorders require and violate their basic human rights. Efforts to increase and speed the transition of care from mental health institutions to the community are necessary. Family members and the broader community must be actively involved in offering support.

Several low- and middle-income countries’ programs (for example, Ethiopia, Guinea-Bissau, India, Iran, Pakistan, and the United Republic of Tanzania) have proved the practicality of providing care to persons with severe mental illness within the primary health care system by:

  • Training primary health-care personnel
  • Ensuring access to essential medications 
  • Assisting families in providing home care
  • Educating the public to reduce stigma and discrimination
  • Enhancing independent living skills for people with schizophrenia and their families and/or caregivers through recovery-oriented psychosocial interventions (e.g. life skills training, social skills training)
  • Facilitating independent living, if possible, or assisted living, support. 

This can serve as a foundation for individuals with schizophrenia to work toward recovery goals. Individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia frequently struggle to secure or retain normal employment or housing possibilities.

What Is The Treatment For Schizophrenia?

The purpose of schizophrenia treatment is to alleviate symptoms and reduce the likelihood of relapse, or the return of symptoms.

Antipsychotics are the principal drugs used to treat schizophrenia. These medications do not cure schizophrenia, but they do assist to alleviate the most distressing symptoms, such as delusions, hallucinations, and cognitive difficulties.

schizophrenic treatment

Is Schizophrenia Preventable?

There is currently no proven method of preventing schizophrenia. However, early identification and treatment can help individuals prevent or manage repeated relapses and hospitalizations, as well as minimize damage to their lives, families, and relationships.