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Alopecia areata is a condition in which hair falls off in little patches that are often imperceptible. However, these patches may link and become visible. Hair loss occurs when the immune system attacks the hair follicles.
Sudden hair loss can occur on the scalp, brows, eyelashes, and face, as well as other areas of the body. It might also grow slowly and return years later.
The illness, known as alopecia universalis, can result in complete hair loss and prevent hair from growing back. When hair begins to regrow, it is possible for it to fall out again. The extent of hair loss and regrowth varies significantly between individuals.
At the moment, there is no cure for alopecia areata. There are, however, treatments that may promote hair growth and prevent future hair loss, as well as unique ways to conceal hair loss. Additionally, resources are available to assist individuals in coping with the stress associated with hair loss.
Discovering the best alopecia areata treatment for you:
Although there is no known cure for alopecia areata, there are therapies that you can try that may help to slow future hair loss or promote hair growth.
Since the condition is difficult to forecast, it may take considerable trial and error before you find anything that works for you. For some individuals, hair loss may continue to worsen after treatment.
Alternative remedies are used by some people with alopecia areata to address the illness. These may include the following:
Acupuncture microneedling probiotics low-level laser therapy (LLLT) vitamins
Essential oils uch as tea tree, rosemary, lavender, and peppermint are massaged over the scalp, along with other oils such as coconut, castor, olive, and jojoba.
An “anti-inflammatory” diet, also known as the “autoimmune protocol,” which is a limited diet consisting primarily of meats and vegetables with herbal supplements such as ginseng, green tea, Chinese hibiscus, and saw palmetto.
Since the majority of alternative remedies have not been evaluated in formal trials, their efficacy in treating hair loss is unknown.
Furthermore, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not require supplement manufacturers to demonstrate the safety of their goods. Occasionally, the statements made on supplement labels are incorrect or misleading. Consult your physician before beginning any herbal or vitamin supplement regimen.
Each treatment’s success varies according to the individual. Certain individuals will not require treatment because their hair will regrow on its own. In other circumstances, however, individuals will not improve despite exhausting all therapy options.
You may need to attempt multiple treatments to notice an improvement. Bear in mind that regeneration of hair may be transitory. Hair can regrow and then fall out again.
Alopecia areata is a type of autoimmune disease. When the immune system misidentifies healthy cells as foreign substances, alopecia areata triggers and an autoimmune disease occurs. The immune system is supposed to protect the body from outside invaders such as viruses and bacteria. However, if you have alopecia areata, your immune system assaults your hair follicles by mistake. The structures from which hairs grow are called hair follicles. Hair follicles become smaller and eventually cease to produce hair, resulting in hair loss.
The specific cause of this ailment is unknown.
However, it is more prevalent in those with a family history of other autoimmune diseases, such as type 1 diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis. This is why some researchers believe genetics may have a role in the development of alopecia areata.
Additionally, they believe that certain environmental conditions are required to initiate alopecia areata in genetically predisposed individuals.
Hair loss is the primary sign of alopecia areata. Typically, hair falls out in tiny spots across the scalp. These areas are frequently a few millimeters in diameter or fewer.
Hair loss can also affect other areas of the face, such as the brows, eyelashes, and beard, as well as other parts of the body. Certain individuals experience hair loss in a few locations. Others lose it in numerous locations.
You may initially discover hair clumps on your pillow or in the shower. If the spots are on the back of your head, they may be brought to your attention by another person. However, other health problems might also result in a similar pattern of hair loss. Alopecia areata is not diagnosed solely on the basis of hair loss.
In rare instances, some individuals may develop more severe hair loss. This is typically a sign of a different kind of alopecia, such as:
Doctors may choose to avoid the terms “totalis” and “universalis,” as some patients may feel a combination of the two. It is possible to completely lose hair from the arms, legs, and scalp, but not from the chest.
Alopecia areata causes unpredictable hair loss that, as far as doctors and researchers can discern, appears to be spontaneous.