Each lady is unique. Likewise, their signs of pregnancy are unique. Not every woman experiences the same symptoms or even the same symptoms with each pregnancy.

Additionally, because the early symptoms of pregnancy frequently match those experienced prior to and during menstruation, you may be unaware you’re pregnant.

The following is a list of some of the most prevalent early pregnancy symptoms. You should be aware that these symptoms could be caused by something other than pregnancy. Thus, noticing some of these symptoms does not necessarily indicate that you are pregnant. The only way to be certain is to perform a pregnancy test.

Pregnancy Signs

Early pregnancy signs may include the following:

Spotting and cramping

Following fertilization, the fertilized egg adheres to the uterine wall. This can result in one of the first indicators of pregnancy: spotting and, occasionally, cramping.

This is referred to as implantation hemorrhage. It occurs between six and twelve days after the egg has been fertilized.

Because the cramps mirror menstrual cramps, some women mistake them for the start of their period, along with the bleeding. However, the bleeding and cramping are minimal.

Apart from bleeding, a lady may detect a milky white discharge from her vagina. This is due to the vaginal walls swelling nearly immediately after fertilization. The discharge is caused by the increased development of cells lining the vagina.

This discharge, which may persist throughout pregnancy, is usually innocuous and requires no treatment. However, if the discharge smells foul or if you experience burning and itching, notify your doctor so they can determine whether you have a yeast or bacterial infection.

Changes in the breasts

Changes in the breasts are another extremely early indicator of pregnancy. Hormone levels in a woman rapidly fluctuate following conception. Their breasts may become puffy, painful, or tingling a week or two later as a result of the alterations. Alternatively, they may feel heavier, fuller, or delicate to the touch. Additionally, the area around the nipples, referred to as the areola, may darken.

Other factors may contribute to breast alterations. However, if the changes are an early sign of pregnancy, keep in mind that it will take many weeks to adjust to the new hormone levels. However, once this occurs, breast tenderness should subside.

During pregnancy, significant hormonal changes occur. These cause a range of symptoms. Some women experience a variety of pregnancy symptoms, while others may experience only a few.

Breasts get larger, puffy, and painful during pregnancy. These are comparable to the changes you may have seen in the days preceding your period. Pregnancy darkens the skin surrounding the nipple and makes the veins in the breast more visible.

In the later stages of pregnancy, a variety of changes can occur in your body, including backache, headaches, leg cramps or varicose veins, itch or tingling, constipation, haemorrhoids or indigestion, vaginitis or vaginal discharge, and mood changes or sadness.

Consult your physician if you have any concerns. Consult your physician immediately if you develop vaginal bleeding or broken waters, chronic pain, a fever, severe headaches, or vision loss.

Missed period

Period irregularity is frequently the first indicator of possible pregnancy. However, some women may notice minor bleeding at the start of their period.

Vomiting and nausea

‘Morning’ sickness is a common complication of pregnancy that affects over half of all pregnant women. Nausea and vomiting, as well as a loss of appetite, are common symptoms. The majority of women who have morning sickness do not only feel the symptom in the morning, but throughout the day.

Morning sickness often develops between the fourth and sixth weeks of pregnancy and subsides by week 12, though it might last longer or recur around 32 weeks.

Vomiting Woman


Excessive fatigue is prevalent throughout the first trimester of pregnancy. This is almost certainly due to the surge in the sex hormone progesterone. While progesterone is necessary to maintain pregnancy and aid in the growth of the baby, it also decreases your metabolism.

Attempt to acquire some additional sleep or rest during these early signs of pregnancy. By the fourth month of pregnancy, when the placenta is well established, your energy levels should return to normal.

Pregnancy fatigue can also be induced by anemia, which is most usually caused by iron deficiency. Consuming iron-rich foods is critical for avoiding iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy. Medical treatment for anemia during pregnancy includes the administration of iron supplements.


Urination on a frequent basis

Pregnancy results in an increase in bodily fluid levels and a decrease in kidney function. Additionally, the swollen uterus presses against the bladder. As a result, the majority of women experience increased urination within the first few weeks of pregnancy.

Rampant change of appetites

Cravings for specific foods are extremely prevalent during pregnancy, particularly for foods high in energy and calcium, such as milk and other dairy products. Additionally, you may develop an unexpected dislike for items that you previously like.

Certain ladies even develop an odd taste for non-food objects like mud or paper. This condition is referred to as ‘pica,’ and it may suggest a nutrient insufficiency. Kindly consult your GP or midwife if this occurs.


Back pain is common in pregnancy, affecting more than one in every three women. This is typically caused by ligament loosening and a shift in posture caused by the increasing pregnancy.

Wearing flat-heeled shoes, sitting in chairs with adequate back support, avoiding moving heavy objects, and engaging in light exercise can all help alleviate back pain during pregnancy. Exercise in the water can help also alleviate back pain during pregnancy, along with  physiotherapy and acupuncture.


When pregnancy begins, the hormone progesterone increases the capacity of your lungs. This allows you to deliver more oxygen to your kid and eliminate waste products such as carbon dioxide produced by both of you. Each breath is more deeply inhaled and the amount of air inhaled (and exhaled) is greatly increased. This may cause you to have shortness of breath.

Additionally, as the pregnancy progresses toward term, the pressure exerted by the expanding uterus and baby on the diaphragm can make breathing feel more labored.


constipation woman

Constipation is a term that refers to infrequent, difficult-to-pass bowel movements. Constipation is a typical occurrence during pregnancy. It is caused by pregnancy hormones slowing your gastrointestinal motility or by the strain of your developing uterus on your rectum.

If you develop constipation while pregnant, it is recommended that you:

  • Drink plenty of water every day.
  • Increase your intake of dietary fiber (such as bran, wheat and fresh fruit and vegetables).
  • Exercise gently and with low impact, such as swimming, walking, or yoga.
  • Consult your midwife or primary care physician before taking over-the-counter laxatives. If food and lifestyle modifications are ineffective, your GP or midwife may prescribe a laxative that is safe to take during pregnancy.


Pregnancy Sign

Consult your GP or midwife if you get a headache that is not resolved by paracetamol (such as Panadol) throughout pregnancy, particularly in the second half.

A persistent headache may be indicative of pre-eclampsia, a disorder that affects the kidneys, raising blood pressure and decreasing blood supply to the fetus.

Acid reflux and indigestion

Heartburn, reflux, or indigestion are all terms that refer to the pain and discomfort caused by stomach acid entering and ‘burning’ the oesophagus.

Indigestion is more prevalent during pregnancy due to the expanding uterus’s strain on the abdominal organs and the action of the hormone progesterone, which relaxes the muscle connecting the oesophagus and stomach.

If you are experiencing heartburn, reflux, or indigestion, the following steps are recommended:

  • Consume modest, regular meals.
  • Avoid eating right before bedtime.
  • Sleep with additional pillows to elevate your head.
  • Dress in loose-fitting garments.
  • Avoid meals and beverages that increase symptoms of pregnancy, such as fatty foods (such as fried foods, fatty meats, and pastry), spicy foods (such as curry and chilli), alcohol, and caffeine (including tea, coffee, chocolate and cola).

Consult your physician before beginning to take antacids.

If none of these measures alleviate your symptoms, please visit your physician, who may prescribe a medicine that safely decreases acid secretion.

Seeing doctor

Itchy skin

Itching all throughout the body is common during pregnancy. It can be extremely upsetting when present, interfering with sleep and enjoyment of pregnancy. There may be no obvious reason for the itch. In rare circumstances, it may be caused by significant liver disease; this can be determined with a blood test.