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High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) – How It Happens & Ways To Treat It

Hypertensive senior man during blood pressure measurement

Another blood pressure term is hypertension. It can cause significant difficulties in health and raise the risk of heart disease, stroke, and death. Blood pressure is the blood power of a person against their blood vessel walls. This pressure is dependent on blood vessel resistance and the working intensity of the heart.

The complications of hypertension include stroke, heart attack, heart insufficiency, and aneurysm. Maintaining controlled blood pressure is essential for health conservation and to reduce the chance of these harmful diseases.

Common Causes Of Hypertension

Primary Hypertension

For most individuals, the reason for high blood pressure is not recognized. The form of hypertension, known as primary (essential) hypertension, develops progressively over many years.

Secondary Hypertension

Some people have an underlying disease causing high blood pressure. It produces higher blood pressure than primary hypertension. They can be caused by several different diseases and medicines including:

Female hand holding model of human kidney organ at back of body

Look Out For Signs And Symptoms Of Hypertension

People with high blood pressure may experience hypertension headaches, shortness of breath, or nosebleeds although such signs and symptoms are unrelated and typically do not emerge until a severe or endangering stage of high blood pressure has taken place.

Lifestyle Remedies To Control Hypertension

Lifestyle adjustments are the standard, first-line treatment for hypertension. We outline some recommendations on how to reduce hypertension here:

Regular Physical Exercise

Current guidelines suggest that all people, even persons with high blood pressure, undergo moderate aerobic activity for at least 150 minutes every week, or 75 minutes each week of high-intensity exercise.

People should exercise for a minimum of 5 days a week.

For example, walking, running, cycling or swimming are the most common activities.

young happy couple enjoying in a healthy lifestyle while jogging on a country road through the beautiful sunny forest, exercise and fitness concept
Stress Reduction

A person controls blood pressure by avoiding or learning to handle stress.

Among the relaxation techniques that assist to alleviate stress are meditation, warm baths and yoga.

To cope with stress, people should avoid alcohol, recreational medication, cigarettes, and junk food, since this can lead to high blood pressure and high hypertension problems.

Blood pressure can rise by smoking. Avoiding or stopping smoking decreases the risk of high blood pressure, severe heart diseases, and other health problems.

Consume Less Sodium In Your Diet

If you have high blood pressure, even a minor reduction of salt in your diet can enhance your heart health and lower your blood pressure by 5 to 6 mm Hg.

The impact of sodium on blood pressure differs depending on the person itself. Limit sodium intake to no more than 2,300 milligrams (mg) per day. For most adults, however, a lower sodium consumption of 1,500 mg or less per day is preferable.

Consider the following suggestions to reduce sodium in your diet:

Reduce Caffeine Intake
Woman pouring coffee in cup

The impact of caffeine on blood pressure is currently being disputed. Caffeine can elevate blood pressure by up to ten millimeters of mercury in persons who seldom drink it. Caffeine for avid coffee drinkers on the other hand, may have little or no influence in their blood pressure.

Although the long-term effects of caffeine on blood pressure are unknown, blood pressure may still increase modestly.

Check your blood pressure within 30 minutes of ingesting a caffeinated beverage to see if it has increased. You may be sensitive to the blood pressure raising effects of coffee if your blood pressure rises by 5 to 10 mm Hg.

Monitor Your Blood Pressure At Home

Home monitoring can assist in keeping track of your blood pressure, ensuring that your lifestyle modifications are working, and alerting you and your doctor to potential health issues. Blood pressure monitors are commonly available and require no prescription.

Blood Pressure
When To See A Doctor?

Blood pressure would usually be tested in both arms so that a physician can be consulted promptly after noticing the symptoms. Using a suitable arm cuff is crucial. If you have previously been diagnosed with high blood pressure or other risk factors for cardiovascular disease, your doctor will probably prescribe higher frequency reading.

Public blood pressure devices in pharmacies can give valuable information about your blood pressure, but the devices are usually limited. 

Ask your doctor about the use of public blood pressure equipment. Do know more about Hypertension ICD 10, as Code I10 is an essential (primary) hypertension diagnostic code. Code I10 is a disease characterized by a rise in blood pressure pathological as ICD-9 code is 401.