The condition in which your thyroid gland does not produce sufficient hormones is hypothyroidism (under-active thyroid). In the early stages, the effects of hypothyroidism may not be visible. Untreated hypothyroidism can over time create several health issues, including obesity, joint pain, infertility, and heart disease. 

Hypothyroidism is also known as an underactive thyroid. It affects women more often than men. It usually affects adults over 60 years of age, but can also affect people of all ages. It can be traced with a blood routine test or post symptoms.

The name of the early, mild stage of the illness is Subclinical Hypothyroidism.

The majority of treatments are based on adding artificial hormones to your low hormone levels. These hormones replace what is not produced by your own body and help to normalize your level.

Signs And Symptoms Of Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism symptoms differ from person to person. The severity of the illness also impacts the symptoms and signs. Symptoms can also be hard to recognize in some cases.

Weight gain and drowsiness might be part of the early symptoms. They grow more frequently  as your thyroid’s health deteriorates. You may not know that these changes are associated with your thyroid until further symptoms arise.

Hypothyroidism has the most prevalent symptoms and indications:

Woman has stomachache isolated over blue background
  • Fatigue
  • Hypothyroidism Weight Gain 
  • Depression
  • Constipation
  • Sensitive and swollen face
  • Slowed cardiac speed
  • Discomfort in your joints and rigidity
  • Impaired memory 
  • Hoarseness
  • Dry & thin hair
  • Feeling cold
  • Sweat reduction
  • Higher blood cholesterol 
  • Dry skin
  • Fertility or menstrual problems
  • Weakness of the muscle
  • Muscle ache and sensitivity
Top close up view middle-aged woman lying in bed in morning feels pain in neck after night sleep, awaken having painful sudden ache or stiffness, incorrect posture during asleep, soft mattress concept

The symptoms gradually increase over a few years for most people. The symptoms are more easily noticed as the thyroid slows down. Of course, with aging in general many of these symptoms grow more common.

Consult your doctor if you feel that your symptoms are caused by a thyroid condition. You can arrange a Hypothyroidism Test 

Dietary Recommendations For People With Hypothyroidism

Maintain A Balanced Diet

In order to function properly, your thyroid will need sufficient amounts of iodine. You do not have to consume iodine supplements to fulfill this purpose. Sufficient iodine consists of a balanced diet of whole grains, legumes, natural proteins, and fruit and vegetables. You can also explore other foods rich in iodine.

Track Your Soy Intake

Soy may inhibit thyroid hormone absorption. You might not be able to absorb your medication effectively if you drink or eat too many soy products. It is particularly necessary for parents to monitor the consumption of soy by children who require hypothyroidism treatment.

Soy is found in the following:

Soy sauce and soy bean with chopsticks on wooden table
  • Soy sauce
  • Soy milk 
  • Meat and vegan cheese
  • Soybeans
  • Tofu

You require constant medication to even thyroid hormone levels in your blood. You should not consume soy foods for at least 4 hours before or after you take your medication.

Sugar-Free Diet

Inflammation in the body can be a result of consuming sugar and processed meals. The conversion of T4 into triiodothyronine or other thyroid hormones such as T3 may be slowed down by inflammation. This may aggravate your thyroid symptoms and diseases.

Sugar simply increases your energy content in the short term, thus it  might help to control your energy levels by removing it from your diet. In addition, your stress levels and skin can be improved by cutting sugar from your diet. A sugar-free diet isn’t easy, but it is useful for your thyroid health.

Watch Your Fiber Intake

Fiber may interfere with hormone absorption. Too much fiber in your diet may impede your body from getting the hormones it requires. Fiber is essential, so don’t completely cut it out. Instead, avoid taking your medication within a few hours of consuming high-fiber foods.


Selenium is a trace element that plays a role in the thyroid hormone metabolism, according to the National Institutes of Health.

Foods To Improve Hypothyroidism:

  • Tuna
  • Brazilian nut
  • Turkey
  • Beef fed with grass
Homemade Tuna Sandwich with Tomatoes and Lettuce

Thyroiditis Hashimoto, an infection of the thyroid immune system, often lowers the body’s supply of selenium. Supplementing this trace element has been found to improve and balance the thyroxine or T4 levels.

It is vital to consult your doctor in inquiring how much selenium is appropriate for you because every individual is different.

Prescription Medication

Standard hypothyroidism treatment requires daily use of the levothyroxine synthesis hormone (Levo-T, Synthroid, others). This oral drug restores the appropriate amounts of the hormone and reverses symptoms and signs of hypothyroidism.

Soon after you begin treatment, you will feel a lot better. The drug reduces cholesterol levels raised by the condition progressively and can prevent any weight gain. Levothyroxine will probably be used as a treatment for a lifelong period, but your physician will check your Hypothyroidism TSH levels every year  to check the required dose for you. 

Talk it out

It can be challenging to have a chronic medical condition, particularly if accompanied by other health problems. Find people that you can openly communicate with. This can be a therapist, close friend, member of the family, or a support group of people with the same disease.

Many hospitals are sponsoring meetups for patients with hypothyroidism. Ask your hospital’s education department for a recommendation to attend a meeting. You can connect with others who understand exactly what you are facing and can offer you a guide.