Nosebleeds can happen on their own or as a result of a traumatic event, such as a blow to the face. Certain medical conditions (such as colds, allergies, high blood pressure, and bleeding abnormalities like hemophilia or von Willebrand disease), extreme cold or dry air, nose picking, strenuous activity, certain medications (such as nasal sprays), and being hit in the nose can all cause nosebleeds.

Nosebleed happens when the blood vessels in front of your nose are damaged. Other nosebleeds occur near the back of the nose, resulting in throat bleeding.

The blood veins in the nose are extremely delicate. The little blood veins in the septum (the firm tissue that divides the nose into two halves) are weak and can easily break, resulting in a nose bleed.

First-Aid Manual For Nosebleeds

1. Allow the person with the nosebleed to sit up and lean forward. He or she should breathe via their mouths.

Nose bleed tissue

2. If the person has any clots in their nostrils, gently blow them out.

3. Place a cold compress on the bridge of the nose and pinch the soft area of the nose. This should be done for 15 minutes in a row. Do not let go of the nose pressure.

Note: If the person’s nose continues to bleed after following the above steps, seek medical attention.

When an object becomes lodged in the nose, it is critical to remove it as soon as possible to minimize infection and the chance of the object sliding farther back into the nose. To remove the object, try the steps listed below.

1. Determine which nostril is causing the problem.

2. Apply light pressure to the opposite nostril with one finger.

3. Allow the person to blow their nose.

4. Allow the person to sniff pepper to encourage sneezing.

Note: Do not attempt to remove the object with anything in the nose (e.g., tweezers, pliers).

Seek medical attention if you suspect you have a broken nose. While waiting for medical help, you can take the following steps:

1. Allow the person to breathe via his or her mouth.

2. To keep blood from going down the back of the throat, have the person sit erect and lean forward.

Nose injury

3. Apply a cold compress to the bridge of your nose.

4. It is not advisable to attempt to straighten a fractured nose.

The following tips will help you avoid a recurrence of nosebleeds:

  • After a nosebleed, avoid physical exertion for 12 hours.
  • After a nosebleed, avoid touching your nose for at least 24 hours.
  • After a nosebleed, stay away from hot beverages, alcoholic beverages, smoking, and aspirin for at least a week.
  • Elevate the head with cushions when lying down.
Lying down
  • Breathe via your lips instead of your nose.
  • Make use of a humidifier.

Who Is More Likely To Get Nosebleeds?

  • Those who live in cold, dry areas
  • Those who have colds and use nasal sprays
  • Those who have certain medical disorders, such as bleeding anomalies
  • Those who pick their noses 
  • Those who engage in rigorous activity or exercise, such as sports

The Causes Of Nose Bleed

What causes nosebleed can be caused by a variety of things, such as:

  • fragile blood vessels that bleed readily, possibly in warm dry air or after exercise 
  • an infection of the nose lining, sinuses, or adenoids 
  • an allergy causing hay fever or coughing 
  • bumps or falls 
  • an object forced up the nostril 
  • nose picking 
  • a bleeding or clotting problem.